Montana Gazetteer

Montana - Basic Information

Became a State: November 8, 1889 - 41st State
Population: 989,415 (2010 Census) - Ranks 44th
Land Area: 145,545.8 square miles - Ranks 4th
Population Density: 6.8 persons per square mile - Ranks 48th
Housing Units: 482,825 (2010 Census)
Housing Unit Density: 3.3 housing units per square mile
July 1, 2014 Estimates: Montana Data and Demographics
State Capital: Helena
State Website: Official State of Montana Website
Montana State Flag
Montana state flag

Montana History

The United States acquired the area of Montana from France as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and by a treaty with Great Britain in 1846. Montana Territory was organized from the northeastern part of Idaho Territory on May 26, 1864, with generally the same boundary as the present state.

Census data for Montana are available beginning with the 1870 census. The 1860 census population in present-day Montana was included in unorganized Dakota, although legally the area was within Nebraska and Washington territories. The portion of Yellowstone National Park in Montana was probably enumerated as part of Wyoming from 1880 to 1910.

Data for the legally established state of Montana are available beginning with the 1890 census.

Montana Geographical Areas

Counties & County Equivalents

There are 56 counties in Montana.  Two counties are not considered to be functioning governmental units because each has consolidated its functions with an incorporated place.  Deer Lodge County and Anaconda-Deer Lodge County (place) are governmentally consolidated.  Silver Bow County and Butte-Silver Bow (place) are governmentally consolidated.  The remaining 54 counties are each governed by a county board of commissioners.

Yellowstone National Park was deleted as a county equivalent when its area legally became part of Gallatin and Park Counties on November 7, 1997.

County Subdivisions

There are 194 county subdivisions in Montana. They are all census county divisions (CCDs), which are delineated for statistical purposes, have no legal function, and are not governmental units.  CCDs were first established in Montana for the 1960 census.  Prior to 1960, the minor civil divisions used in the census included election precincts, election districts, townships, land survey townships, American Indian reservations, and school districts.

Places (Incorporated Cities, Towns & Census Designated Places (CDPs))

Montana has 364 places; 129 incorporated places and 235 census designated places (CDPs).  The incorporated places consist of 52 cities, 75 towns, 1 city with no description - Anconda-Deer Lodge County - and 1 balance of county for the area of the Butte-Silver Bow consolidated city outside of the incorporated place of Walkerville city.  Anaconda-Deer Lodge County is coextensive with Deer Lodge County.

Alphabetical List of Cities, Towns, CDPs and Other Populated Places
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q, R | S | T | U, V | W, X, Y, Z

Montana Civil Features

Montana Civil Features: Political Subdivisions, Native Areas, Land Grants, etc. - sorted by Census Class Codes.

Metropolitan and Micropolitan Stastical Areas

There are 3 Metropolitan and 4 Micropolitan Statistical Areas in Montana. MT Metopolitan & Micropolitan Areas

Montana ZIP Code Tabulation Areas

Montana has 363 ZIP Code tabulation areas (ZCTAs). View Montana ZIP Codes and ZIP Code Maps.

School Districts

Montana has 267 elementary school districts, 108 secondary school districts, and 52 unified school districts. View Montana Public and Private Schools.

Congressional Districts

For the 111th Congress (January 2009-January 2011), Montana had one congressional district.  For the 113th Congress (January 2013-January 2015), Montana continues to have one congressional district as a result of reapportionment based on the 2010 Census. View Map of Montana Congressional Districts.

State Legislative Districts

There are 50 state senate districts and 100 state house districts in Montana.

American Indian Areas

Montana has eight federally recognized American Indian areas.  There are seven reservations, six with off-reservation trust lands. There is also one off-reservation trust land associated with an American Indian reservation in a neighboring state.

Montana Physical, Cultural and Historic Features

  1. Montana Physical Features such as lakes, islands, streams, valleys, summits, etc.
  2. Montana Cultural Features such as schools, churches, hospitals, parks, dams, reservoirs, etc.
  3. Montana Historical Features and Montana Historic Landmarks

Montana Maps

  • To find a ZIP Code: input the address in the top-left search box of any ZIP Code Map.
  • To find the County: input the address in the top-left search box of the interactive MT map.
  • To find the School Attendance Zone: input the address in the top-left search box of any MT school map

Montana Census Data Comparison Tool

Compare Selected Montana Census Data Data: Population,   Population Density,   Diversity Index,   Median Household Incomes,   Per Capita Income
Locations: Cites & Towns,   Counties,   ZIP Codes
Highest or Lowest: Show Highest Values,   Show Lowest Values
Results: Show 20 Results,   Show 200 Results
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